The primary two objectives of reconstructive foot and ankle surgery are the reduction of pain and the restoration of function. Foot and ankle injuries can result in significant disability and loss of lifestyle or employment. Therefore, restoration of normal, pain-free foot function and activities is important.
Dr. Wilkes performs a number of different foot and ankle reconstructive surgeries. The duration of disability and success of reconstructive surgery does vary. Dr. Wilkes will help guide you through your reconstructive procedure with as much information as possible. Reconstructive foot and ankle surgery is performed on either an out-patient or in-patient basis.
In working to restore the foot, there are several parts that may be affected and treated by surgery. Reconstructive surgery can include tissue reconstruction, function restoration, and cosmetic rehabilitation.
The reason for reconstructive surgery can fall into one of six predetermined categories of ailment or deformity. Traumas occur in work environments or car accidents in many circumstances and can result in mild to severe problems with the feet. For example, a dancer may experience a mild but recurring trauma to the foot. Traumas can affect soft tissue, result in tissue loss, or even involve bruising and other damage to the bone.
Tumors are dangers to the foot, as with any part of the body. Foot tumors are rare, with the most common types found being melanomas, epitheliomas, and sarcomas of the bone or soft tissue. Clubfoot, bifid spine, and other malformations also sometimes require reconstructive surgery of the foot. Such skeletal and neurological alterations can sometimes be corrected with surgery.
Perhaps the most common cause of foot destruction that could result in recommendations for reconstructive surgery is infection. Ulcers are often a secondary symptom related to trauma, vascular problems, and diabetes. Such pathologies lead to a lack of circulation and sufficient oxygenation to the foot, which results in the need for corrective action.